Memory refers to the processes that are used to acquire, store, retain and later retrieve information. Deficits in memory can make learning difficult.
There are three main types of memory: short-term, long-term and working memory.
Short-term memory plays a vital role in shaping our ability to function in the world around us. Some people struggle with the ability to store short-term memories as well as convert them into long-term memories. Short-term memory refers to the temporary storage of information in memory.
Long-term memory is the ability to recall information that was stored in the past. This can vary from an important life event, a particular fact or how to cycle a bicycle. There are different ways that information can be transferred from short-term to long-term stores with chunking (breaking up information into smaller segments) and rehearsal (reviewing or repetition) being two common techniques.
Research has also shown that exercise help increase short-term memory. Short-term memory should not be confused with working memory. The latter refers to the thinking skill that focuses on memory-in-action, or the ability to remember and use relevant information while in the middle of an activity such as recalling the steps of a recipe while cooking a favorite meal.